The Virus Structure

Unlike bacteria, viruses are not cells but rather small infectious agents that replicate only inside the living cells of organisms. Since they do not have cell walls, their DNA or RNA is contained in a protein coat. Although enveloped and non-enveloped viruses are virulent, non-enveloped viruses tend to have a higher resistance to chemical and physical procedures as well as environmental influences.

This requires particularly powerful disinfectants like Bacoban’s long term surface disinfectant cleaner that can eliminate these kinds of viruses.

How Do Viruses Operate?

The virus invades the host cell, takes it over, causing it to make copies of the viral DNA or RNA which destroys the host cell, releasing new viruses. In this way viruses are unique because they are only alive and able to multiply inside the cells of other living things.

The virus particle attaches itself to the host cell before penetrating it. This then allows the virus to use the host cell’s ingredients to copy its own genetic material before leaving the host cell once the process is complete.

This process slowly uses up the host cell’s membrane leading its to cell death. Once the virus leaves the host cell it is ready to enter a new cell and multiply.

What enables a virus to remain active and infectious?

  • It must be able to attach to the host cell.
  • It must be able to inject its material into the host cell.
  • It must be able to replicate.

Surface disinfection  against viruses